Baumanómetro

November 1, 2021

In the field of health, there is a long list of very necessary instruments that allow you to obtain values ​​of the internal state of a person’s body, in order to determine diagnoses and treatments. One of the most recognized is the baumanometer, as it is primary care since its function is to measure blood pressure.

With a simple mechanism and using fundamental principles, this instrument has been able to quantify something that you would not be able to feel, an internal aspect that cannot be seen and it is precisely this that makes it an element with impressive qualities.

What is a Baumanometer?

Also known as a sphygmomanometer, manometer, sphygmomanometer, and blood pressure monitor. This is an instrument that allows you to measure the blood pressure or blood pressure of the human body , which is why its main field of application is in the health sector.

The pressure or blood pressure is no more than the force exerted by the blood on the walls of arteries, which is recorded on a device that measures pressure and implementing touch and hearing.

There is a great variety of baumanometers, which are coupled to the needs of the population, because with increasingly practical designs they have made it possible to have it in almost all the places where you are, becoming a first aid item.

There were many instruments throughout history that approached this central idea, however, the one listed as the forerunner of the current baumanometer is the sphygmograph.

The sphygmograph was created specifically, in the year 1854 by a German scholar of physiology named Karl von Vierordt. It was the first baumanometer with non-invasive technology, that is, it was not necessary to force the body to be able to measure tension.

What is a Baumanometer for?

The baumanometer is an instrument used to quantitatively determine blood pressure, which, as I told you, is the pushing force of the blood towards the walls of the arteries.

This process reflects two measurements to you, the systolic pressure that is the force that is emanated when the heart contracts and the diastolic pressure that is when the heart relaxes.

These values ​​are compared with a normal value that is generally 120 millimeters of mercury (mmHg) in systole and 80 mmHg in diastole.

Any variation outside this range has to be studied by specialists to determine if there is any factor that affects the pumping of blood through the arteries. 

How does a Baumanometer work?

The operating mechanism is quite simple, it is all about associating pressure, feeling and listening. First, the baumanometer has an inflatable cuff attached to a pressure gauge and a cuff, which is placed mostly on the upper arm, looking for the artery that passes through there, called the brachial artery.

The stethoscope is placed under the cuff and then with the help of a knob it is inflated until it reaches almost 250mmHg on the pressure gauge, in such a way that the artery is completely squeezed, so that no blood circulates through it.

Once all this procedure has been carried out, the cuff is deflated carefully, turning the valve that has the knob. While that happens you have to listen to the noises with the stethoscope , the first and the loudest will indicate the value of the systole, of course you have to observe the pressure gauge to know the measurement that it marks.

From then on you will hear small, unimportant noises, but when you hear a singular noise and in itself you do not hear anything else, you will be able to identify the diastolic.

You should look at the pressure gauge and concentrate on the two noises, make the notes and compare with the normal values.

Uses of the Baumanometer?

The uses of the baumanometer are aimed directly at the health sector, since it is a medical tool , with the function of determining the internal pressure at the blood level, in order to diagnose any functional problem in the body.

Among the main places where you can find them are primary care sites , general hospitals, clinics, geriatrics, among others. It is also worth mentioning the fact that it has become a common element in homes, especially in those where someone suffers from a stress problem or when there are elderly people.

This is why I affirm that it has become a first aid item, since it is present anywhere in case an emergent situation occurs.

Baumanometer types

Although all the models were coupled to a basic operation, it is necessary to understand that over the years there have been variations thanks to the different technological contributions.

The main types of baumanometers are:

  • Analog Baumanometer

This type of baumanometer has a needle manometer system , that is, the pressure is marked on a measurement scale. They are the initial and the most traditional models.

  • Baumanómetro digital

It is a baumanometer equipped with technology, since it emits the pressure values ​​with extreme precision, without having to listen or observe a pressure gauge, since they have an attached device, which reflects the measurement digitally.

  • Mercury baumanometer

This is the one that was used in the beginning, since the pressure of mercury is equal to atmospheric pressure. This is why measurements are taken in millimeters of mercury. It is a vertical bar in which the marking is made by the mercury.

  • Oscillometric Baumanometer

It is a type of digital baumanometer in which the waves generated by the pulse are measured and its entire system is completely automatic, even the cuff inflates itself.

Finally, these elements are differentiated by their technology, which allows to have a notion of the evolutionary process that they have undergone to be what they are today, becoming in common use.

Baumanometer characteristics

The baumanometer is a unique element, with the naked eye you can identify that it is it and this is due to all the qualities that it has in terms of design and operation , since there is no other like it in the whole world. To name a few, they are:

  • It measures indirectly and non-invasively, blood pressure.
  • In the body there is a phenomenon called hydrostatic pressure , that is why when making the measurement the arm has to be at the level of the heart.
  • The bracelet is adjustable , it is attached to the person’s arm.
  • The tension is not only taken in the arm (this is the most traditional) but also in the wrist and the finger.
  • It allows you to control blood pressure, because with the measurement you can know if a person has hypertension or hypotension, so that with some treatment, you can regulate that value.

There are many characteristics, however the essential thing is that it is a piece that has been designed with great care to achieve the task of measuring this important parameter.

Importance of the Baumanometer

The baumanometer is a unique piece that quickly allows you to know the intensity with which the blood flows in your body, being a great achievement in the area of ​​medical sciences.

The importance of this element is found mainly in the health sector, as it has allowed diagnosing diseases , as well as being able to understand even more how the human body works systematically and how it reacts to both internal and external agents.

The baumanometer is such an important element that its use has become for many a daily activity , because it gives you a notion of the state of your body at that moment, in order to be able to make correct decisions in case any value appears out of the box. normal.

As well as this, there are many instruments that offer you their functions so that you can perform a variety of calculations with precision and speed. To have more knowledge about this type of material, I invite you to follow my social networks and continue enjoying the content that I have prepared for you.

History of the Baumanometer

The history of the Baumanometer begins when the doctors of the Egyptian empire used the pulse , to be able to make measurements of blood pressure. Then this knowledge stopped in time without any advance until the 19th century.

It is in this century that the contributions of prominent figures such as those of Stephen Hales with his experiment with a mare using a glass tube, those of Poiseuille, creator of the mercury column for measurement, and Carl Ludwig’s kimograph in 1847 are recognized.

It should be noted that until now, blood pressure measurement was with invasive techniques . A device had to be inserted into the skin so that it could have contact with the arterial system and thus be able to measure blood pressure .

It was not until 1854, when Karl Vierordt succeeded in making a baumanometer with non-invasive techniques , which was later improved by Etienne Marey and even based on what was presented, Vierordt devised a portable baumanometer.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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