Biology Laboratory Materials

November 1, 2021

The materials biology lab are useful tools for scientists, biologists or anyone who wants to make some kind of experiment, test or measurement. Its utility not only guarantees much more precise results, but also minimizes the risk of accidents that could occur when mixing.

There is a great variety of instruments that can be used within the laboratory, each one of them fulfills a specific function. Next, I will explain to you which are the most used biology laboratory materials.

What are the Biology Laboratory Materials?

Below I show you this list so that you can access the most popular Biology Laboratory Materials quickly;

When we talk about laboratory materials, we refer to all those pieces that facilitate the study and analysis of substances. They are objects that have been designed to withstand high and low temperatures such as heat or cold.

If you’ve never been into a lab before and don’t know how to recognize it, I’ve made a list of the most important materials you can find in a biology lab.

  • Spatula

It is a laboratory material made with a metal sheet and a wooden handle, its structure is very similar to a knife, only its tip is rounded.

This utensil is used to take small particles of compounds , specifically dust, and throw them into other containers for later study or analysis, thus minimizing the risk of substances becoming contaminated.

  • Microscope

The microscope is one of the most important laboratory equipment, this equipment facilitates the observation, study and analysis of very small substances . It is an optical instrument that consists of several lenses, which allow the size of a substance to be increased or decreased thanks to its refractive capacity.

  • Bristle swabs

Bristle swabs are brushes that are used to clean utensils that have been used in the laboratory, for example, test tubes, flasks, glass beakers, among others.

Its design is composed of nylon bristles, a metallic wire that can be made of aluminum, bronze, beryllium or brass. This utensil has been manufactured with durable materials that are resistant to all kinds of corrosive substances.

  • Gradilla

The rack is an instrument made of wood, plastic or metal that allows to support the test tubes that are with samples, while they go through a period of observation.

  • Porcelain Crucible

It is a laboratory utensil that is used to burn, melt or heat substances within it. The manufacturing materials of the porcelain crucibles have been selected in order to be resistant to high temperatures.

  • Bunsen lighter

It is an equipment that generates a flame, which allows substances to be heated or burned . The bunsen burners have a vertical tube that is supported by a screwed platform, in said base it has a hole where the gas inlet pipe is located. These equipments can reach up to 2000 ° C

  • Balance

It is a piece of equipment that is responsible for measuring the amount of mass found in a physical body . This instrument is essential in a laboratory since some analytical results of substances depend on its measurement. They are designed to read precision values ​​between 0.1 µg to 0.1 mg.

  • Mortar

Mortar is a laboratory material used to grind dangerous substances that must be crushed for study. These instruments are made of resistant wood, stone, marble or porcelain.

  • Dropper

It is an instrument that has a rubber cap together with a small glass tube, this piece allows the suction and distribution of liquid substances . The drippers are very easy to use pressure materials, to ensure their correct use, they must be properly cleaned after being used.

  • Thermometer

The laboratory thermometer is an instrument that allows you to measure the temperature of an object or liquid. This material is made of a long glass tube that has a bulb at the tip, its internal composition is made of mercury (Hg) that expands when exposed to high temperature, its temperature range goes from -38.9 ° C at 356.7 ° C.

Each of these materials should be used carefully and properly, since the results of your research will depend on their proper use.

Glass Biology Laboratory Materials

To ensure that the biology laboratory materials used are not only strong, but also durable, they are made from glass. Next, I will share with you a list of the 10 most used instruments:

  • Test Tube

Test tubes are essential pieces in any laboratory, they are glass tubes that have one of their ends open and the other covered and rounded. These materials are used to collect substances that will be subjected to studies or analysis , avoiding the spillage of said mixtures, some have a cap to close them while the study is used.

Test tubes have the ability to measure up to eight inches high by 2 inches wide, typically inserted into the rack while in use.

  • Volumetric flask

They are laboratory instruments are made of glass, have an elongated neck and a flat oval bottom, their external structure has marks or graduation levels that allow measuring the volume of liquids , the measurements range from 50, 100, 200, 250, 300, 500, 1000 and 2000 milliliters. They are used in the execution of calculations and experiments of substances.

  • Beaker

The beaker is a cylindrical glass container used to dissolve, heat, cool, and contain substances. Its function is to obtain precipitated mixtures, subjecting chemical solutions to high temperatures.

There are different sizes, for example we can find glasses of 250 ml, 500 and 1 ml. Although these materials contain marked measurements, they are not parts designed to measure volume.

There are two types of beakers that we can get, those that support heat flames (PYREX) and those that do not allow heating.

  • Erlenmeyer flask

This flask is easy to recognize within the laboratory, it is a conical-shaped flask that has a thick cylindrical neck that later tapers into a conical shape, its name is due to the fact that it was designed by the German scientist Emil Erlenmeyer in 1861.

This material is useful for mixing substances by stirring and for evaporating liquids , its neck allows the incorporation of caps that prevent the mixtures from coming out.

  • Distillation flask

The distillation flask is a container that is used to separate liquids in the distillation process, that is, the procedure for separating the components of a mixture.

Distillation flasks are materials made of Pyrex glass, which can be heated to high temperatures. Its structure is composed of a spherical base, a cylindrical neck that later presents a lateral opening or mouth.

  • Petri box

When it is desired to carry out the culture of microorganisms, the petri dish is used, a round container that has a lid with a larger diameter, which allows the samples to be closed, without damaging the components that are inside it.

When the container is used in the laboratories, it is covered with a little of the culture, and then the development of the bacteria and microorganisms to be studied is worked on until the desired result is achieved.

  • Forget

The magnifying glass is one of the oldest materials in the world, its origin dates back to the 16th century, and over time this instrument has served to increase or bring our sight closer to the size of an object that is usually small. .

  • Settling funnel

The separatory funnel is a material made of glass that is used to separate two liquids that cannot be mixed. Its upper structure is composed of a pluggable mouth in which the liquid is loaded and a lower part that has the tap or stopcock (similar to the taps that you would use in your bathroom or kitchen), which regulates the amount of liquid that comes out through the tube at a much lower end.

  • Burette

It is a glass instrument that is used to measure volumes, this tube has measurements in millimeters and an outlet key at the end. The main purpose of this material is that it offers greater precision when measuring volumes , it can already measure the liquid drop by drop.

  • Glass Crystallizer

The glass crystallizer is a container with a short stature and a wide base, which allows greater evaporation . This material is used to crystallize on it, the solute from a solution. Another of its uses is that it serves as a container or lid.

  • Coverslips

These are thin sheets of glass that are used to place objects on them that will be subjected to microscopic study. It is a very thin sheet made of glass, where a large number of objects and substances are placed, in order to carry out deep analysis through the microscope.

To ensure that the laboratory instruments have the durability that is needed, they are made of glass, resistant materials that facilitate the practice of different experiments within the laboratory.

Biology Laboratory Materials and Their Use

Biology laboratories are spaces used by scientists, students and biologists who want to know the cellular levels of tissues, organs or systems of living beings. Therefore, for the study of these processes some materials are needed, which I develop below:

  • Burette Tweezers

The burette forceps are instruments that hold the burettes that are placed in the universal holder. Its structure is composed of a double clamp that prevents the burette from breaking or bending while the experiment is running.

  • Wire cloth

Another of the materials used in biology laboratories is wire cloth, it is a rectangular cut cloth, covered with asbestos that is used to hold hot instruments.

  • Scalpel

The scalpel is an instrument whose structure has a wooden handle and a cutting edge blade. This equipment is used to cut or dissect soft tissues that need to be studied.

  • Tripod

The tripod is a piece of equipment that is used as a support for hot objects, on which the wire cloth is placed that supports the elements that are placed on it.

  • Laboratory Beakers

Another of the materials that can be commonly found in biology laboratories are laboratory glasses, it is a bottle that has two tubes through which a cap can be placed, this allows blowing on one side , on the other the water comes out.

  • Graduated cylinder

The test tube is a container that is used to measure the volume of liquids, its structure is made up of a cylindrical glass base, which has a spout at the top that allows the liquid in it to be poured.

If you need to study the components of a substance or the analysis of a sample, now that you know the use of each of them, it will be much easier to carry out your experiments without any problem.

What are the Biology Laboratory Materials for?

In biology laboratories all kinds of studies, tests and analysis of substances or physical objects are carried out, to carry out these processes, materials are needed that facilitate the execution of these processes.

As you can see, there are different types of materials designed for each procedure. Each of these instruments are used to measure, pour, heat, and analyze solid and liquid substances successfully, making the studies generate the correct results.

Importance of Biology Laboratory Materials

The materials biology laboratory besides being very useful for performing experiments, also reduce the risk of accidents that may damage the samples either solid or liquid.

When using each of these instruments you must do so with caution and care, since many of them are fragile pieces that can break easily. Therefore, it is appropriate to know how each of them work, before using it.

It is also necessary that within the laboratory work with adequate protection, since some substances found in it, can be harmful to health. If you are unfamiliar with the rules or the use of instruments within the laboratory, it is best to enlist the help of an instructor.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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