Cannabis Cultivation And Distillation

November 3, 2021

Cannabis derivatives have come a long way since hashish-filled joints or dried flowers were smoked. The oils, tinctures and extracts have served as a stepping stone to a fully evolved cannabis scene that offers countless ways to get high and much stronger and more effective experiences.

Today, certain extracts and oils are much more potent, ranging from 70 to 85%, but they are still mild compared to distillate. Cannabis distillate is the end result of a process that can allow for potency and purity of up to 99% cannabinoids.

To grow marijuana outdoors you will need a garden, patio or terrace with direct sunlight. The good thing about this growing method is that you don’t need a lot of infrastructure, other than the typical garden elements. The plants can grow freely and you don’t need to be aware of as many values ​​as in indoor growing.

Many people prefer growing indoors, and even believe that this method achieves superior plant quality. Certainly, you can get a higher yield from your harvest, but for this you must have many considerations.

The construction and maintenance of an indoor one requires a great deal of time, energy and money. There are several ways to approach it, but they all have several characteristics in common, such as reflective material walls and lights. Each factor must be carefully controlled: you must measure the temperature, humidity and pH with special devices, and maintain the air flow with fans and coolers. The lighting inside the indoor is a very important decision and depends on many factors. Needless to say, all this implies a significant initial and monthly expense.

Table of Contents

Distillation

Distillation is a process that you can do at home, but you need the right material. You can find necessary equipment and materials in our store.

At a commercial level, there are kitchens that offer their facilities to interested groups to give classes. The large machinery required is too expensive and often out of reach for most home-level cannabis enthusiasts. They are commercial and professional laboratory parts. In fact, some of the major distillate producers come directly from the pharmaceutical world.

Cannabis distillation is a physical process by which substances are separated taking advantage of their different volatilities. Simple distillation, which is used to prepare high-alcohol beverages for example, consists of a system consisting of a container where the sample to be separated is placed, a condenser and a collector. The problem in this type of separation is that, as the component with the lowest boiling point evaporates, the one with the highest volatility always carries away a part of the less volatile compounds, especially if the components of the mixture differ less than 60 degrees between their points. boiling.

Cannabis distillation works by taking advantage of the volatility of plant compounds. Volatility (or boiling points) is different for terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids.

The distillation process uses heat to vaporize the cannabinoids and a cooling system to condense and separate them. A cannabis extract is placed inside a glass container to which heat is applied. When it reaches the right temperature, the cannabinoids vaporize and rise, entering a cooling tube. The steam condenses and falls into another glass container that contains the distillate.

Cannabis Oil Extraction

  • Removing  CO 2 :  The method of  CO 2 supercritical (or subcritical) uses carbon dioxide at high pressure and extremely low temperatures to isolate, preserve and maintain the purity of medicated oil. This process requires expensive equipment and a steep operational learning curve. However, when done right, the end product is safe, potent, and chlorophyll-free.
  • Ethanol:  High grade grain alcohol can be used to create high quality cannabis oil suitable for vape pen cartridges and other products. But this extraction method destroys plant waxes that can have health benefits and are favored by some producers.
  • Olive oil:  Extra virgin or otherwise, olive oil can also be used to extract cannabis oil. Dr. Arno Hazekamp, ​​director of phytochemical research at “Bedrocan  BV ”, which supplies medicinal Cannabis for the Dutch Ministry of Health, reports that this method is safe and inexpensive, «You are not going to explode infusing Cannabis in olive oil”. However, the Cannabis infusion in olive oil, whether rich in  CBD  or dominant in  THC , is a perishable product and should be stored in a cool, dark place.

Distillation Equipment

Some of the equipment and instruments that you need for this process are found

  • Ball 0 Erlenmeyer flask :these glass containers that are used in laboratories, the Erlenmeyer flask is cone-shaped and has a cylindrical neck, it is flat at the base. It is used to heat liquids when there is a danger of loss through evaporation. While Ball Flask or Distillation Flask is an instrument made of glass, which can withstand high temperatures. This is composed of a spherical base, a cylindrical neck and a lateral mouth that originates from the latter. These you will use to put the substance to be distilled and the substance already distilled.
  • Condenser : also known as Refrigerant tube, it is made up of two concentric cylindrical tubes. The gas to be condensed will circulate through the inner tube of the tube and the refrigerant liquid will circulate through the outermost conduit.
  • Heating equipment: There are several equipment that can help to heat substances, you can use the basic equipment that has the Bunsen burner , Universal support and the asbestos mesh; There is also the ” Hot Plate ” or a ” Rotavapor ” being the most professional equipment.
Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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