Distillation flask

November 2, 2021

In laboratories we can find a wide variety of implements to carry out various chemical processes. A distillation bottle is one of those implements, it is a specially designed equipment to uniformly heat various substances for various uses.

What is it?

It is also known as a Florentine flask and is part of glassware . It is a container with a long neck and a spherical body. It is designed to evenly heat different substances. It is usually made of strong glass or plastic.

Its rounded base allows you to shake and remove substances without spilling them, making it ideal for hazardous substances. However, due to its rounded base it can turn over if it is not placed on a suitable base.

Sometimes it has a lateral detachment tube. This allows the vapors to escape during the distillation towards the condenser.

How is it used?

It has a specific method of use. To anchor, a lead or metal weight is placed on the outside.

To heat it, it is placed on a ring and held on by means of a double nut or a similar grip system. The ring keeps it on a lighter to warm it up. If the system is set up this way, a gauze wire is placed between the ball and the metal hoop or ring.

The balloon can also be attached to the universal holder by holding it by the neck with a test tube holder.

Due to its frustoconical shape, the loss of liquid by stirring or evaporation is avoided. It can also be covered with a frosted stopper, or with hydrophobic cotton. It is used instead of the beaker when the medium must be constantly stirred without spilling its contents or when it is necessary to work with violent chemical reactions.

It is used to heat substances to high temperatures. For lower temperatures the Erlenmeyer flask is used.

Precautions when using the distillation flask

  • When making the connections for a distillation, we must ensure that they are sealed, since a vapor leak can come into contact with the burner and cause combustion reactions.
  • Do not allow the balloon to distill liquids until it is dry, the residues of the mixture may contain flammable peroxides.
  • The spherical base makes it sensitive to tipping, spilling, or falls and fractures. It should be used with caution.
Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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