Laboratory Autoclave

November 1, 2021

The laboratory autoclave is one of the equipment that is very useful for many medical and scientific processes, it is a container made of metal with walls of considerable thickness that allow its hermetic closure.

Thanks to this container and the pressure it supports, the water can reach high temperatures of approximately 100 ° C. It is an equipment used very frequently, knowing it will allow you to identify the main function to which this interesting equipment is intended and its importance within of a laboratory.

What is the Laboratory Autoclave?

It is considered as the metal pressure vessel, which allows you through its thick-walled structure to achieve an industrial reaction, cooking or sterilization through water vapor.

In order for it to fulfill these essential functions, it is important that it has the necessary material and structure , otherwise it will not be able to withstand the pressure and temperature developed inside the instrument.

You need to keep in mind that the term autoclave does not simply refer to equipment that works through water vapor, other devices that use ethylene oxide to sterilize are called in the same way.

What is the Laboratory Autoclave for?

A laboratory autoclave is a piece of equipment used to eliminate impurities and bacteria from any material, used as an essential part in the sterilization of any instrument used in it.

It is important to mention that due to the high temperatures and the pressure of the water that is handled, it is possible that some laboratory equipment cannot be sterilized with the autoclave.

It is not considered a product for sanitary use , as it has special requirements that you must consider for its use.

Using the Laboratory Autoclave

The autoclave is recognized at a medical level as the equipment that serves to sterilize, it is generally intended for it. The use of instruments in laboratories is constant and they need maximum cleaning to avoid bacteria and impurities. Therefore, the laboratory autoclave will always be an excellent option to carry out this process.

Until now, no other use has been found for the laboratory autoclave , in addition to guaranteeing cleanliness and eliminating bacteria from the instruments used there.

Types of Laboratory Autoclaves

It is possible that when identifying the ideal autoclave for your laboratory, many doubts arise. Therefore, it is important that you keep in mind that there are two types of autoclaves, each with different functions. Below we detail for you the types of autoclaves that you can find.

  • By gravity

When talking about this type of autoclave, you should know that, in this case, the air is removed through gravity . The steam will enter the chamber and the cold air will exit through the valve at the bottom of the autoclave. This can be a bit of a slow process, but it is quite a good thing to keep the remaining air in the chamber.

  • Of prevacío

With this type of autoclave, the air comes out through a vacuum pump , so the steam enters the chamber at a higher speed, which considerably improves the operation of the autoclave by eliminating air pockets, thus increasing the pressure. process speed.

Knowing these two types of autoclave will make the difference when using them, it will allow you to identify which is correct for the type of procedure and instruments you use in your laboratory. Keep in mind that each of them has an important advantage and their processes are carried out in a totally reliable way.

Laboratory Autoclave Features

Knowing what the parts of the laboratory autoclave are is vital to maintain good care and maintenance, and in this way you ensure that the use that is being given is correct.

  • First of all, the laboratory autoclave has a lid that allows the chamber where the instruments are sterilized to be sealed under pressure, preventing the escape of steam.
  • The area where the instruments are placed for cleaning is called the boiler . There you can find a stable tray to place the tools without problem.
  • It has a safety valve and a drain valve , these allow the steam and water that are concentrated inside to escape in case of any damage or failure.
  • Under the boiler tray you can find a resistance , which controls the entire operation of the autoclave.

Although it seems easy to recognize, it is important that, before using it, you manage to locate each of its parts. Knowing its characteristics will ensure proper use and adequate precaution for handling this laboratory equipment.

Importance of the Laboratory Autoclave

One of the most important aspects in the health area, as well as in research and experimentation in other fields, is and must always be the sterilization of the instruments used in each area, as contamination of these could alter the entire procedure and the results. For this reason, the laboratory autoclave has a great relevance in these scenarios.

Take into consideration that this equipment must be located in a completely clean and hygienic area, due to the type of work it performs. In addition to having constant maintenance, at intervals of approximately 3 days, in order to preserve its structure and good operation.

When using the laboratory autoclave, constant observation is important, in case it presents any fault or inconvenience, it can be solved in time. Additionally, you should review all the equipment before starting to use it, in this way you will take the provisions regarding its parts and proper functioning.

This laboratory equipment can be of great help for the good maintenance and care of the instruments that you use in the laboratory. Possibly it has not been given the necessary importance, but as you have seen it is essential.

It is vital that you know that the greatest number of accidents that occur in laboratories is due to the human factor, for not taking the necessary precautions when using the equipment and instruments that are in them.

Knowing how it works and the proper way to keep laboratory equipment and instruments in perfect condition is undoubtedly the best way to give them a long useful life, avoiding accidents during the process.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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