Marijuana: Medicinal And Recreational Uses

November 3, 2021

The cannabis plant ( Cannabis sativa ), popularly known as marijuana, is a plant species with multiple therapeutic and medicinal properties. The first written records of its medicinal use date back to 2,737 BC. of C. within the Pharmacopoeia of Shennong, one of the fathers of Chinese medicine.

The buds, or flowers of the female plant, are those that concentrate the greatest amount of compounds with medicinal utility. The main ones are cannabinoids, terpenoids and flavonoids, produced naturally by the plant.

More than a hundred years have passed. Today we know the benefits of the medicinal use of cannabis: glaucoma, autism, chemotherapy, Parkinson’s, reduction of the risk of obesity and diabetes; It is also used for some types of epilepsy and even mitigates menstrual pain, helps in anxiety and depression processes, etc.

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Uses within Medicine

The most established actions of cannabis in medicine are confined to the fields of oncology and neurology. In oncology, for cancer patients, cannabis can inhibit nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapies, it can also increase appetite and improve the metabolism of nutrients and prevent what is called wasting syndrome in chronic diseases . In addition, cannabis can be used to reduce pain in patients, since cannabinoids (a compound that the plant has) are analgesic molecules.

In the field of neurology, cannabis is also used to reduce pain in patients with neuropathies or degenerative diseases that cause chronic or inflammatory pain, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, etc. Second, cannabinoids function as neuromuscular relaxants and can decrease the stiffness of the limbs. And thirdly, they have the property of inhibiting seizures, especially associated with epilepsies that do not respond well to conventional antiepileptic drugs.

There are other properties of cannabis that are being studied, there are many patients who use it to improve their quality of life, not only at a physiological level, but also with regard to mental health: to reduce anxiety, stress, improve mood, sleep better, etc. And there are also other diseases, such as those of the skin, in which the properties of cannabis are being investigated to treat, for example, acne and wound healing.

Uses as a drug

People who are addicted to marijuana may also be at higher risk for other negative consequences of using the drug, such as problems with attention, memory, and learning.

Researchers do not yet fully understand the consequences of exposing the body and brain (especially the developing brain) to high concentrations of THC or how recent increases in potency affect someone’s risk of addiction.

Heavy marijuana use affects the brain directly, specifically the parts responsible for memory, learning, attention, decision-making, coordination, emotions, and reaction time.

The effects of marijuana on these abilities can last a long time or even be permanent. This means that someone who uses marijuana may not do as well in school and may have trouble remembering things.

The effect depends on many factors and is different for each person. It also depends on the amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in marijuana (that is, the potency of the marijuana), the frequency of use, the age at which it is first used, and whether other substances (for example, tobacco and alcohol) are consumed at the same time.

Some other damage that marijuana use can cause is the circulatory system, where it can increase the risk of having heart attacks and strokes. In the lungs smoke is harmful, when marijuana is burned, toxins and carcinogens are released.

And as with other drugs, factors such as the age of the users, how early they start, the amount of drugs they used, and their genes may influence whether or not they have long-term problems.

Legalization

On March 10, the lower house of the Mexican Congress approved without major difficulties a bill aimed at legalizing the recreational use of cannabis. The initiative was sent to the Senate, where it was also approved.

The Mexican initiative does not openly legalize cannabis, but raises the maximum personal possession of this drug, which is penalized by law from 5 to 28 grams. Possession between 29 and 200 grams of cannabis is punishable by a fine. Possession that exceeds this limit is still punishable by imprisonment.

The initiative, for example, authorizes individuals to grow cannabis for their own consumption (up to six plants per adult, or eight per household). However, those who produce the drug must first obtain a permit from the National Commission against Addictions.

Among the benefits of marijuana legalization are:

  • The illegal market ends and corruption and violence are reduced.
  • The profit margin and operations of organized crime and the expenses allocated to the fight against drug trafficking are reduced.
  • The government controls the market and establishes the norms and rules for the activity.

But, one of the most marked benefits is in health, since it can be a great help for people who suffer from glaucoma. It is estimated that there are 1.5 million patients with this disease in Mexico; of them, it is estimated that up to 80% do not know they have it.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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