Porcelain Triangle

November 1, 2021

The laboratory instruments , includes a giant number of elements involved in the whole process of synthesis and analysis of substances. That is why I will tell you about one of them, which is dedicated to intervening in the heating processes , such as the porcelain triangle.

This unique instrument often goes unnoticed in laboratories, as it is not given the value and publicity it really deserves. Well, beyond acting on heating , it is a safety support for other instruments that contain substances that are going to be heated.

In the next few lines, I will tell you about all the aspects that comprise this element, so that you can know in depth what it is about and to assess, identify and use it, when the opportunity arises.

What is a Porcelain Triangle?

l triangle porcelain, is also known as triangle clay, because it is a part having the shape of an equilateral triangle. In case you did not know, it is really made of metallic materials, but it is called porcelain or clay thanks to the final coating it has, which allows it to protect its three sides from high temperatures.

Porcelain is nothing more than a ceramic material with many years old. And it is processed in a traditional and industrial way, being one of the most valued, thanks to its durability, resistance and fine finish.

The equal-sided triangle that forms this instrument is assembled from cylindrical tubes that are hollow and bathed in porcelain , in addition, it has flexible vertices that can be extended. Their main function is that they serve as supports and rest on the tripod, which is another laboratory instrument.

What is a Porcelain Triangle for?

The porcelain triangle, although it may not seem, fulfills a good number of functions within the laboratory, due to the compact structure and the material with which it is made.

These are the main functions of the Porcelain Triangles:

  • They are used together with the laboratory tripod, to be able to heat different liquid substances. The tripod can in some cases be made of porcelain as well.
  • It is used to hold a container made with a similar porcelain coating, called a laboratory crucible.
  • It is one of the separations that exists between the lighter and the instrument that is going to be heated.
  • It works as a support for other laboratory materials such as flasks and beakers.
  • This instrument can be used not only on the laboratory tripod, but also on the rings that accompany the universal support, in the processes that are carried out there.
  • Its porcelain material allows for an equitable distribution of heat, therefore, better results will be obtained in the heating processes.

These are the general functions of this laboratory material, which, as I mentioned, are varied, standing out being a triangular support for others, providing security, stability and better results.

How does a Porcelain Triangle work?

The porcelain triangle does not have a mechanical operating mechanism, or anything like that. On the contrary, its operation is simple, since all the qualities to resist and distribute the heat , as well as to give support, are thanks to the shape and material of manufacture.

To be able to use it in the universal support, you just have to insert the metal ring into the structure and the porcelain triangle is placed on top. Once ready and well attached, you have to place the instruments to be used for heating, ensuring that they do not pass through the triangle or remain unstable.

In the case that it is going to be used on the laboratory tripod, you simply have to place the Bunsen burner, then the tripod and on top of its ring, place this porcelain triangle. Once the base is ready, you simply proceed to install the containers and light the fire.

Uses of the Porcelain Triangle

The uses of the porcelain triangle are almost exclusive to chemistry laboratories. Well, they intervene in these processes of analysis or synthesis of substances using chemical and physical procedures, in very few cases.

Among the uses of the porcelain triangle, the following stand out:

  • It is used in the processes destined to melt gold , at the laboratory level, which is carried out both in the universal support and in the laboratory tripod, using a crucible for it. And you have to know that this gold is used for multiple experiments and has meant an important advance in the world of science.
  • It allows a complete analysis of the ashes, because when the crucible is used with a filter paper, this being at high temperatures will calcine which will give rise to the ashes, which will later be used in laboratory analytical processes, to determine quantitative properties.

Basically, it is used for all the heating processes within the laboratory, providing support, but it stands out more in the experiments that I just mentioned.

Types of Porcelain Triangle

The Porcelain triangle is a laboratory material that presents a wide variety and they will be differentiated by the material with which they are made. Well, it is worth remembering that it is said that they are made of porcelain because of the final coating, not because of the base material. Thus, the main types of porcelain triangle are:

  • Porcelain triangle with nickel base

It is one of the materials with which the triangle is made, nickel is a metal of high brightness, but very hard and malleable. It has magnetic properties and resistance to high temperatures.

  • Porcelain triangle with iron base

It is one of the best known materials, due to the abundance of it on the planet. It is a very hard and resistant element, with magnetic properties and it would take more than 1500 ° C to melt it, which makes it the ideal material to be used as a base in heating processes in laboratories.

  • Porcelain triangle with wire base

The wire used in this case is galvanized wire . This means that it is a wire that has a modification in its coating, usually with zinc, which allows it to protect it from high temperatures, corrosion and oxidation processes.

  • Porcelain triangle with nichrome base

This type of material is presented in some cases, it is a material that combines nickel and chromium, which gives it properties of both, to be able to resist the onslaught of temperature.

These are the types of porcelain triangle that we can get and with which we must play when heating substances, to select the one that has the best resistance capacity, because only then will you ensure better results.

Characteristics of the Porcelain Triangle

Characteristics are always important, as they define an instrument as such. In this case, the porcelain triangle has several that you must know, in order to understand the essential concept of this instrument and why it is so important, within laboratories. I can mention the following characteristics:

  • The tubes connecting the sides of the triangle are made of refractory material.
  • It has a very manageable shape, since the wires at its ends twist synergistically, to extend the porcelain triangle outwards.
  • Its size is relatively small, but it varies in dimensions, so it is necessary to select the one that best fits the instrument that is going to be used as a base for heating.
  • They are made of the metals that I mentioned and covered by a considerable layer of clay or porcelain.
  • The triangle has all its sides equal, that is, with the same length.

These are its main attributes, which allow it to achieve each of the functions that I mentioned earlier, since it is all about design and material, as well as a good handling of it.

Importance of the Porcelain Triangle

The porcelain triangle has a very important function in any chemical laboratory, as it is the security touch that is needed in the different heating processes.

In addition, it should be noted that without this element, the crucibles, flask, beakers or other containers, at such exposure could atrophy or not achieve the results you want, since there is no element that distributes the heat and reaches all corners of the container at the same intensity.

Finally, it is an ally for anyone who works in the laboratory and this is proven, due to its high frequency of use , because it is an element that definitely deserves its use in all these processes of this type.

Recommendations for using the Porcelain Triangle

The porcelain triangle, despite being made of metal, have quite important considerations to ensure that the experiment can be achieved with total success.

First you have to ensure that the containers fit perfectly into the triangle and do not fall through it. This is why both the flask, the capsule, the crucible or any other, must be slightly smaller than the triangle.

When handling, you need to use tweezers and gloves to protect the health of your skin. Finally, it is important that the tubes do not come into direct contact with the tripod or the ring, which is why it has slopes to accommodate it.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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