Referents Of Women In Science

November 3, 2021

The absence of female referents in the field of science, technology, mathematics and engineering (CTMI careers, translation of the acronyms STEM – Science, Technology ,  Engineering  and  Mathematics -), undoubtedly influences the invisibility of many of the achievements of the women.

If there is a way to change gender stereotypes, it is with examples. Women are excellent scientists, engineers or mathematicians and proof of this are the outstanding achievements they have achieved in the world of technology and science throughout history. Among others, we highlight:


Hypatia . Born in Alexandria in 370 AD, she was a Greek philosopher and teacher renowned for her extensive knowledge of mathematics and astronomy. She was also an inventor and is considered one of the forerunners of the presence of women in science.

Ada Lovelace

Ada Lovelace . Augusta Ada Byron was a 19th-century British mathematician and writer, known for the advances she made in the mechanical calculating machine – the forerunner of today’s computers – and the author of the first programming algorithm.

Marie Curie

Marie Curie . The Polish scientist was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize and also the first to win the award twice (Physics and Chemistry), for her studies on radioactivity – a term that she herself coined – and the discovery of two chemical elements, radium and polonium. However, the first time she won it, it had to be shared with her husband and another colleague, as never before had a woman been decorated with that award.

Rosalind Franklin

Rosalind Franklin . The first scientist who managed to capture the image of a DNA molecule. We owe many of the advances in genetics of the 20th century to this British chemist and crystallographer.

Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson

Katherine Johnson, Dorothy Vaughan, Mary Jackson : Neil Armstrong may sound more familiar to you, but these three African-American women were essential for man to reach the moon thanks to their calculations.

Margaret Salas

Margarita Salas . Recently deceased Spanish biochemist. Two of his main discoveries are the directionality of the reading of genetic information and DNA polymerase of phage Φ29, which has numerous applications in the field of biotechnology as it is a DNA amplifier.

Nicole-Reine Lepaute

Nicole-Reine Lepaute and Halley’s Comet. The French astronomer (1723-1788) is credited with very exact calculations about the dates on which Halley’s Comet passes close to Earth’s orbit. He also very accurately estimated the duration and dimensions of a solar eclipse that was witnessed in Europe in 1764. The lunar crater Lepaute was named in his honor.

Marie Paulze Lavoisier

Marie Paulze Lavoisier and her husband Antoine Laurent Lavoisier are the fathers of modern chemistry. His main contribution to science was a revolutionary theory that postulates that combustion and oxidation are produced by the chemical combination of combustible substances with oxygen. These ideas were reflected in the ‘Elementary Treatise on Chemistry’.

Ellen Swallow Richards

Ellen Swallow Richards , is considered one of the founders of ecology and environmental engineering. We are talking about a pioneer with capital letters, who designed a non-polluting heating and ventilation system for her own home. She started a science laboratory dedicated exclusively to women at the prestigious MIT and also set up the world’s first laboratory in which water purification treatments were applied.

Mileva Maric-Einstein

Mileva Maric-Einstein.  She had a special talent for mathematics and natural science and is thought to have contributed greatly to the works of her husband Albert Einstein on the theory of relativity. However, Mileva herself refused to sign as an author or collaborator in Einstein’s publications, and there are hardly any documents to show what her true contribution was.

Dr. Loony Davis5
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Born and raised in Brussels in an English family, I have always lived in a multicultural environment. After several work experiences in marketing and communication, I came to Smart Water Magazine, which I describe as the most exciting challenge of my career.
I am a person with great restlessness and curiosity to learn, discover what I do not know, as well as reinvent myself daily, someone who is curious about life and wants to know. I enjoy sharing knowledge.
This is my personal project but I also collaborate in other blogs, it is the case, the most important web on water currently exists in the US, if you are interested you can read my articles here.

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